## Intermediate Algebra (6th Edition)

$y^3(2x-1)^2$
Factoring the $GCF=y^3$, then the given expression, $4x^2y^3-4xy^3+y^3$, is equivalent to \begin{array}{l} y^3(4x^2-4x+1) .\end{array} The two numbers whose product is $ac= 4(1)=4$ and whose sum is $b= -4$ are $\{ -2,-2 \}$. Using these two numbers to decompose the middle term, then the factored form of the expression, $y^3(4x^2-4x+1)$, is \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} y^3(4x^2-2x-2x+1) \\\\= y^3[(4x^2-2x)-(2x-1)] \\\\= y^3[2x(2x-1)-(2x-1)] \\\\= y^3[(2x-1)(2x-1)] \\\\= y^3(2x-1)^2 .\end{array}