Precalculus (6th Edition) Blitzer

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-13446-914-3
ISBN 13: 978-0-13446-914-0

Chapter 4 - Section 4.2 - Trigonometric Functions: The Unit Circle - Exercise Set - Page 548: 60


a) The value is $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$. b) The value is $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$.

Work Step by Step

(a) In the unit circle, the point corresponding to $t=\frac{7\pi }{4}$ has the coordinates $\left( \frac{\sqrt{2}}{2},-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2} \right)$ So, use $x=\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ and $y=-\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ such that, $\cos \left( \frac{7\pi }{4} \right)=x=\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ Thus, the value of the trigonometric function $\cos \left( \frac{7\pi }{4} \right)$ is $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$. (b) The periodic properties of sine and cosine functions are, $\sin \left( t+2\pi \right)=\sin \left( t \right)$ and $\text{cos}\left( t+2\pi \right)=\cos \left( t \right)$ Therefore, $\begin{align} & \cos \left( \frac{47\pi }{4} \right)=\cos \left( \frac{7\pi }{4}+10\pi \right) \\ & =\cos \left( \frac{7\pi }{4}+5\left( 2\pi \right) \right) \\ & =\cos \frac{7\pi }{4} \end{align}$ Now put $\cos \left( \frac{7\pi }{4} \right)=\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$. So, $\cos \left( \frac{47\pi }{4} \right)=\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$ Hence, the value of the trigonometric function $\cos \left( \frac{47\pi }{4} \right)$ is $\frac{\sqrt{2}}{2}$.
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