Fundamentals of Physics Extended (10th Edition)

Published by Wiley
ISBN 10: 1-11823-072-8
ISBN 13: 978-1-11823-072-5

Chapter 8 - Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy - Problems - Page 203: 15a


2.6 $\times 10^{2}$ m

Work Step by Step

Since the ramp is frictionless, the mechanical energy $E_{mec}$ is conserved and so $ΔE_{mec} = ΔK + ΔU= \frac{1}{2} m(v^2–v_{0}^{2})+mgΔh=0$. Making a right triangle with the ramp with length L, the change in height the truck would undergo when going up the ramp would be $\Delta h = L sin \theta$. Plugging in this expression and solving for L, we get: $ \frac{1}{2} m(v^2–v_{0}^{2})+mgΔh=0$. $ \frac{1}{2} m(v^2–v_{0}^{2})+mgL sin \theta=0$. $mgL sin \theta = – \frac{1}{2} m(v^2–v_{0}^{2})$ $L = – \frac{ v^2–v_{0}^{2}}{2gsin \theta}$ Now substituting $\theta$ = $15 ^{\circ}$,$ v_{0}$ = 130 km/h = 36.1 m/s, v = 0 and g = 9.8 m/s²: $L = – \frac{ 0^2–(36.1 m/s)^{2}}{2(9.8 m/s²) sin 15^{\circ}}$ = 257.06 m $\approx$ = 2.6 $\times 10^{2}$
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