## Elementary and Intermediate Algebra: Concepts & Applications (6th Edition)

$x\approx0.368$
In exponential form, the given logarithmic equation, $3\ln x=-3 ,$ is equivalent to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \ln x=-\dfrac{3}{3} \\\\ \ln x=-1 \\\\ \log_e x=-1 \\\\ x=e^{-1} .\end{array} Hence, the value of the variable that satisfies the given equation is \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} x\approx0.368 .\end{array}