Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 3 - Chemical Reactions and Reaction Stoichiometry - Exercises - Page 114: 3.21a


$2C_3H_6(g)+9O_2(g)\rightarrow 6CO_2(g)+6H_2O(g)$ This is combustion.

Work Step by Step

$C_3H_6(g)+O_2(g)\rightarrow CO_2(g)+H_2O(g)$ Is a combustion reaction because a hydrocarbon and oxygen react to form carbon dioxide and water. Add a coefficient of 3 to $CO_2$ to balance $C$. Add a coefficient of 3 to $H_2O$ to balance $H$. $C_3H_6(g)+O_2(g)\rightarrow 3CO_2(g)+3H_2O(g)$ The number of $O$ atoms is odd on the right and even on the left. Multiply all coefficients by 2 to eliminate this situation. $2C_3H_6(g)+2O_2(g)\rightarrow 6CO_2(g)+6H_2O(g)$ Increase the coefficient of $O_2$ from 2 to 9 to balance $O$. $2C_3H_6(g)+9O_2(g)\rightarrow 6CO_2(g)+6H_2O(g)$
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