Precalculus (6th Edition) Blitzer

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-13446-914-3
ISBN 13: 978-0-13446-914-0

Chapter 3 - Review Exercises - Page 513: 52



Work Step by Step

Basic logarithmic properties:$ \left\{\begin{array}{l} \log_{b}1=0\\ \log_{b}b=1\\ \log_{b}b^{x}=x\\ b^{\log_{b}}x=x \end{array}\right.$ Rules: The Product Rule: $\log_{b}(MN)=\log_{b}\mathrm{M}+\log_{b}\mathrm{N}$ The Quotient Rule: $\displaystyle \log_{b}(\frac{M}{N})=\log_{b}\mathrm{M}-\log_{b}\mathrm{N}$ The Power Rule: $\log_{b}(M^{p})=p\cdot\log_{b}\mathrm{M}$ --- $\displaystyle \log_{2}\frac{xy^{2}}{64}=\qquad $... apply Quotient Rule $=\log_{2}(xy^{2})-\log_{2}64=\qquad $... apply Product Rule $=\log_{2}x+\log_{2}y^{2}-\log_{2}64\qquad $... recognize $64=2^{6}$ $=\log_{2}x+\log_{2}y^{2}-\log_{2}2^{6}\qquad $... apply Power Rule $=\log_{2}x+2\log_{2}y-6\log_{2}2\qquad $... apply $\log_{b}b=1$ $=\log_{2}x+2\log_{2}y-6\cdot 1$ = $\log_{2}x+2\log_{2}y-6$
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