## Algebra and Trigonometry 10th Edition

Published by Cengage Learning

# Chapter 10 - 10.2 - Operations with Matrices - 10.2 Exercises - Page 725: 65

#### Answer

Av = $\begin{bmatrix} 8\\ 2\\ \end{bmatrix}$ The transformation is a horizontal stretch by a factor of 2.

#### Work Step by Step

First rewrite the vector as a matrix: v = $\begin{bmatrix} 4\\ 2\\ \end{bmatrix}$ Then multiply the two matrices to find Av: Av = $\begin{bmatrix} 2(4) + 0(2)\\ 0(4) + 1(2)\\ \end{bmatrix}$ = $\begin{bmatrix} 8\\ 2\\ \end{bmatrix}$ The transformation is a horizontal stretch by a factor of 2.

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