Work Step by Step
Since $0$ is a whole number and whole numbers are a subset of the set of real numbers, $0$ is a real number. Also, for a complex number $a + bi$, if $b = 0$, then $a + bi = a$, which is a real number. Thus, the set of real numbers is a subset of the set of complex numbers. Therefore, as $0$ is a real number, it can be identified as a complex number as well.