The answer is below.
Work Step by Step
When we simplify fractions with just numbers in them, we look for common factors in the numerator and the denominator that we can cancel out. When we factor the numerator and the denominators with algebraic fractions, we are doing the same thing. We are looking at the factors of everything in the numerator and everything in the denominator, and we are trying to figure out if there is a common factor that we can cancel out.