Miss Julie (Fröken Julie) is a play which was written by the Swedish playwright August Strindberg. He wrote his play in 1888 in Denmark, where he began to live from 1887, because he desired to found his own “experimental” theater, which would allow to break up with theatrical routine. Strindberg took care of his repertoire in advance, creating his plays Miss Julie and The Father. However, in the 1880s, none of the major theater figures decided to cooperate with him after the scandal that ended the premiere of The Father.
Strindberg sent his play Miss Julie to the publisher, who, however, refused to publish it. Admitting Strindberg’s indubitable merits as a playwright in the letter, the publisher noted that the new play was “too bold and naturalistic.” Contemporaries supposed that this play is also naturalistic like the play The Father, because the physiological and intimate aspect of the relationship, which concerned a man and a woman, was touched upon here.
The one presentation of the play Miss Julie was performed in 1889 in Copenhagen. Strindberg’s wife Siri von Essen played the main role. The production was unsuccessful: many of Strindberg’s requirements were violated. As the Danish press pointed, the performers of the main roles played melodramatically and sluggishly. Miss Julie was forbidden by censorship in Sweden for several years. Only in 1906, it was successfully launched on the stages of the Stockholm theaters.