Fifty Shades of Grey Literary Elements

Fifty Shades of Grey Literary Elements


Erotic romance novel

Setting and Context

The action takes place in Seattle, Washington. Here the successful and rich Christian Grey lives and works. Moreover, just here he meets his passion and love Anastasia Steele. Their relationship is developing in Seattle.

Narrator and Point of View

The narrator of this book is a first person, Anastasia Steele.

Tone and Mood

The mood of the novel is romantic due to the love relationship between Christian and Anastasia and sexual due to BDSM.

Protagonist and Antagonist

The main protagonist is Anastasia Steele. The main antagonist is Christian’s addiction to BDSM and sex.

Major Conflict

The major conflict happens between Christian and Anastasia. Initially, they love each other, but Anastasia is tired of being submissive, because it brings her moral and physical pain.


The climax happens at the end of the novel, when Anastasia decides to break up with Christian because of his addiction.


One day Christian Grey appears at the hardware store where Anastasia Steele works as a seller, and buys cable ties, scotch, rope and two overalls. His purchases are a part of the foreshadowing, where the author hints at the fact that Christian is fond of BDSM.




The novel alludes to the famous writes such as William Shakespeare, Jane Austen, Bronte sisters, Thomas Hardy. It also alludes to locations such as Paris and England, which Anastasia wants to visit.


The descriptions of luxury life add vivid images of what it is to be wealthy, and imagery is widely used with this purpose




The parallelism is Christian’s duplicity. The reader can see his two inner worlds. In positive world, he tries to be polite and thoughtful. In negative world, he is a sadist, who prefers that all people obey him.

Metonymy and Synecdoche

Kate will “be in seventh heaven,” if Christian agrees to a photo shoot for her article. Anastasia means that Kate will be very happy.


The red room personifies pain, which Anastasia feels and it destroys her relationship with Christian.

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