Physics (10th Edition)

Published by Wiley
ISBN 10: 1118486897
ISBN 13: 978-1-11848-689-4

Chapter 4 - Forces and Newton's Laws of Motion - Problems - Page 115: 40


The apparent weight of the astronaut is $729.6N$.

Work Step by Step

1) Find the acceleration $a$ of the rocket We have initial velocity $v_0=0$, final velocity $v=45m/s$ and time to reach that velocity $\Delta t=15s$. Therefore, $$v=v_0+at$$ $$a=\frac{v-v_0}{\Delta t}=3m/s^2$$ 2) The apparent weight of the astronaut is calculated according to the formula $$F_N=mg+ma=m(g+a)$$ where $m$: mass of the astronaut, $g$: gravitational acceleration on earth, $a$: acceleration of the rocket $$F_N=57(9.8+3)=729.6N$$
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