#### Answer

The given relation does not represent $y$ as a function of $x$.
domain: $(-\infty, +\infty)$
range: $(-\infty, -1] \cup [1, +\infty)$

#### Work Step by Step

RECALL: Vertical Line Test
If all vertical lines will pass through the graph of a relation in at most one point only, then the relation defines $y$ as a function of $x$.
To know if the given graph represents $y$ as a function of $x$, perform the vertical line test.
Note that vertical lines $x=3$ will pass through the given graph at two points. This means that the graph fails the vertical line test.
Thus, the given relation does not represent $y$ as a function of $x$.
The graph covers all x-values so the domain is $(-\infty, +\infty)$.
The graph covers y-values that are either greater than or equal to $1$ or less than or equal to $-1$.
Thus, the range is $(-\infty, -1] \cup [1, +\infty)$.