Calculus: Early Transcendentals 8th Edition

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1285741552
ISBN 13: 978-1-28574-155-0

APPENDIX D - Trigonometry - D Exercises - Page A 32: 41

Answer

(a) $sinx$ $cosy$ $=\frac{1}{2}[sin(x+y)+sin(x-y)]$ (b) $cosx$ $cosy$ $=\frac{1}{2}[cos(x+y)+cos(x-y)]$ (c) $sinx$ $siny$ $=\frac{1}{2}[cos(x-y)-cos(x+y)]$

Work Step by Step

(a) $sin(x+y)=sinxcosy+cosxsiny$ and $sin(x-y)=sinxcosy-cosxsiny$ Thus, $sin(x+y)+sin(x-y)=(sinxcosy+cosxsiny)+(cosxcosy-sinxsiny)$ $sin(x+y)+sin(x-y)=(sinxcosy+cosxsiny)+(sinxcosy-cosxsiny)$ $sin(x+y)+sin(x-y)=(2sinxcosy)$ Hence, $sinx$ $cosy$ $=\frac{1}{2}[sin(x+y)+sin(x-y)]$ (b) $cos(x+y)=cosxcosy-sinxsiny$ and $cos(x-y)=cosxcosy+sinxsiny$ Thus, $cos(x+y)+cos(x-y)=(cosxcosy-sinxsiny)+(cosxcosy+sinxsiny)$ $cos(x+y)+cos(x-y)=(2cosxcosy)$ Hence, $cosx$ $cosy$ $=\frac{1}{2}[cos(x+y)+cos(x-y)]$ (c) $cos(x+y)=cosxcosy-sinxsiny$ and $cos(x-y)=cosxcosy+sinxsiny$ Thus, $cos(x-y)-cos(x+y)=(cosxcosy+sinxsiny)-(cosxcosy-sinxsiny)$ $cos(x-y)-cos(x+y)=(2sinx siny)$ Hence, $sinx$ $siny$ $=\frac{1}{2}[cos(x-y)-cos(x+y)]$
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