College Algebra (11th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321671791
ISBN 13: 978-0-32167-179-0

Chapter 4 - Section 4.3 - Logarithmic Functions - 4.3 Exercises - Page 424: 91



Work Step by Step

$\bf{\text{Solution Outline:}}$ Use the Laws of Logarithms to find an equivalent expression for the given expression, $ \log_{10} \sqrt{30} ,$ which uses the given logarithmic values, $\log_{10} 2= 0.3010 $ and/or $\log_{10} 3= 0.4771 .$ $\bf{\text{Solution Details:}}$ The given expression can be expressed as \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \log_{10} \sqrt{10\cdot3} \\\\= \log_{10} (10\cdot3)^{1/2} .\end{array} Using the Power Rule of Logarithms, which is given by $\log_b x^y=y\log_bx,$ the expression above is equivalent \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \dfrac{1}{2}\log_{10} (10\cdot3) .\end{array} Using the Product Rule of Logarithms, which is given by $\log_b (xy)=\log_bx+\log_by,$ the given expression is equivalent \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \dfrac{1}{2}(\log_{10} 10+\log_{10} 3) .\end{array} Since $\log_b b=1,$ the expression above is equivalent to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \dfrac{1}{2}(1+\log_{10} 3) .\end{array} Substituting the known values of the logarithmic expressions results to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \dfrac{1}{2}(1+0.4771) \\\\= \dfrac{1}{2}(1.4771) \\\\= 0.7386 .\end{array}
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