Fundamentals of Physics Extended (10th Edition)

Published by Wiley
ISBN 10: 1-11823-072-8
ISBN 13: 978-1-11823-072-5

Chapter 8 - Potential Energy and Conservation of Energy - Problems: 45c

Answer

0.225

Work Step by Step

Here we’ll use the equation for the change in thermal energy, which we had previously found: $\Delta E_{th} = f_{k}d = μ_{k}F_{N}d$ Solving for $μ_{k}$, we get: $μ_{k} = \frac{\Delta E_{th}}{F_{N}d}$ In Problem 45c, we found that $\Delta E_{th}$ = 30.1 J, and we also know that d = 4.06 m. So all we need to find is the normal force with Newton’s second law for vertical components. Since the block is not moving vertically, $F_{net, y}$ = 0. The forces acting vertically are the gravitational force, the inclined applied force and the normal force, so: 0 = $F_{g} + F_{app,y} + F_{N}$ 0 = $–mg + F sin\theta + F_{N}$ $F_{N} = mg – F_{app} sin\theta$ Plugging all this in we get: $μ_{k} = \frac{\Delta E_{th}}{F_{N}d}$ $μ_{k} = \frac{\Delta E_{th}}{(mg – F_{app} sin\theta)d}$ $μ_{k} = \frac{30.1 J}{((3.57 kg)(9.8 m/s²) – (7.68 N) sin 15^{\circ})(4.06 m)}$ = 0.225
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