Chemistry: The Central Science (13th Edition)

Published by Prentice Hall
ISBN 10: 0321910419
ISBN 13: 978-0-32191-041-7

Chapter 8 - Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding - Exercises - Page 334: 8.13c


The Lewis symbol for $Ar$ atom is seen in the diagram.

Work Step by Step

RULES TO WRITE LEWIS SYMBOL - Find out the number of valence electrons in the atom. - Write the element symbol and around it present each valence electron with one dot to the top, bottom, right or left of that symbol. -Spread out the dots as much as possible (so there would be minimum electron-electron repulsions), and no spots can hold over 2 electrons. 1) $Ar$ is in group 8A, so it has 8 electrons in the outermost occupied shell. Therefore, $Ar$ has 8 valence electrons. 2) That means in the Lewis symbol, there will be 8 dots. Since each spot can hold up no more than 2 dots, 4 spots can hold up to 8 dots in maximum, with each spot holding 2 dots. Since $Ar$ has exactly 8 dots, there is only one arrangement possible, which is mentioned above: 8 dots are spread out, with 2 dots in each spot.
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