Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Chapter 13 Solutions and Their Behavior - Study Questions - Page 505d: 76


$23.66\ mmHg$

Work Step by Step

Number of moles of ethanol: $50.0\ mL\times 0.789\ g/mol\div 46.07\ g/mol=0.856\ mol$ Number of moles of water: $50.0\ mL\times 0.998\ g/mL\div 18.015\ g/mol=2.77\ mol$ Mole fraction of ethanol: $0.856/(0.856+2.77)=0.236$, of water: $1-0.236=0.764$ Total vapor pressure: $P=P_A^0x_A+P_B^0x_B=17.5\times 0.764+43.6\times 0.236=23.66\ mmHg$
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