Chemistry 9th Edition

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133611095
ISBN 13: 978-1-13361-109-7

Chapter 4 - Types of Chemical Reactions and Solution Stoichiometry - Exercises: 37

Answer

The number of moles of $NH_4^+=0.272$ moles. The number of moles of $SO_4^{2-}=0.136$ moles.

Work Step by Step

Moles of ammonium sulfate in 100.0 mL stock solution= $10.8 \text{ grams}*\frac{1 \text{ mol}}{132.14 \text{ grams}}=0.0817$ moles Moles of ammonium sulfate in 10.00 mL solution = $0.0817\text{ moles}\div10=0.00817\text{ moles}$ Concentration of ammonium sulfate in 60.00 mL solution = $\frac{0.00817 \text{ moles}}{0.060 \text{ L}}=0.136$ M Ammonium Sulfate's formula is $(NH_4)_2SO_4$ which separates into $2NH_4^{+}+SO_4^{2-}$ Therefore, the number of moles of $NH_4^+=2*0.136=0.272$ moles. Therefore, the number of moles of $SO_4^{2-}=1*0.136=0.136$ moles.
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