#### Answer

see details below.

#### Work Step by Step

We have
$$\|r(t)\|=\sqrt{9\cos^2t +25\sin^2t+16\cos^2t}=25.$$
So, $\|r(t)\|$ is constant. This means that $r(t)$ is orthogonal to $r'(t)$ since $\frac{d}{dt} \|r(t)\|^2=2r(t)\cdot r'(t)=0$.
Moreover, $r'(t)=\lt -3\sin t, 5\cos t, -4\sin t\gt$
Hence we have
$$r(t)\cdot r'(t)=-9\sin t \cos t +25 \sin t \cos t -16 \sin t \cos t=0$$
That is, $r(t)$ is orthogonal to $r'(t)$.