Calculus (3rd Edition)

Published by W. H. Freeman
ISBN 10: 1464125260
ISBN 13: 978-1-46412-526-3

Chapter 13 - Vector Geometry - 13.3 Dot Product and the Angle Between Two Vectors - Exercises - Page 667: 65



Work Step by Step

We have the vectors $a=<1,0>$ and $b=<1,1>$. Then: $\textbf{a}_{\parallel \textbf{b}}=(\frac{\textbf{a}\cdot\textbf{b}}{\textbf{b}\cdot\textbf{b}})\textbf{b}=\frac{1\times1+0\times1}{1^{2}+1^{2}}⟨1,1⟩=⟨\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}⟩$ $\textbf{a}_{\perp \textbf{b}}=\textbf{a}-\textbf{a}_{\parallel \textbf{b}}=⟨1,0⟩-⟨\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}⟩$ $=⟨\frac{1}{2},-\frac{1}{2}⟩$ Therefore, the decomposition of $\textbf{a}$ with respect to $\textbf{b}$ is $\textbf{a}=\textbf{a}_{\parallel \textbf{b}}+\textbf{a}_{\parallel \textbf{b}}=⟨\frac{1}{2},\frac{1}{2}⟩+⟨\frac{1}{2},-\frac{1}{2}⟩$
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