College Algebra 7th Edition

Published by Brooks Cole
ISBN 10: 1305115546
ISBN 13: 978-1-30511-554-5

Chapter 1, Equations and Graphs - Section 1.3 - Lines - 1.3 Exercises - Page 113: 21



Work Step by Step

RECALL: (1) The slope-intercept form of a line's equation is $y=mx+b$ where $m$ = slope and $b$ = y-intercept. (2) The slope of a line is equal to $\dfrac{rise}{run}$. Given two points on the line, rise is the increase (or decrease) in the y-value while run is the increase (or decrease) in the x-value. The line passes through the point $(0, -3)$ therefore the y-intercept is $-3$. The line also passes through the point $(2, 0)$. Note that from $(0, -3)$ to $(2, 0)$, there is an: increase in y-value of 3 units $\longrightarrow \text{rise} = 3$ increase in x-value of 2 units $\longrightarrow \text{run} = 2$ Thus, the slope is: $=\dfrac{rise}{run} = \dfrac{3}{2}$ With $b=-3$ and $m=\dfrac{3}{2}$, the equation of the line is: $y=mx + b \\y = \dfrac{3}{2}x + (-3) \\y=\dfrac{3}{2}x-3$
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