College Algebra (10th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321979478
ISBN 13: 978-0-32197-947-6

Chapter 9 - Section 9.3 - Geometric Sequences; Geometric Series - 9.3 Assess Your Understanding: 32

Answer

$a_{7}=100,000$

Work Step by Step

RECALL: (1) The $n^{th}$ term $a_n$ of a geometric sequence is given by the formula: $a_n=a_1 \cdot r^{n-1}$ where $a_1$ = first term $r$ = common ratio (2) The common ratio of a geometric sequence is equal to the quotient of any term and the term before it: $r = \dfrac{a_n}{a_{n-1}}$ The given geometric sequence has $a_1=0.1$. Solve for the common ratio using the formula in (2) above to obtain: $r = \dfrac{a_2}{a_1}=\dfrac{1.0}{0.1}=10$ Thus, the $n^{th}$ term of the sequence is given by the formula: $a_n = 0.1 \cdot (10)^{n-1}$ The 7th term can be found by substituting $7$ for $n$: $a_{7}=0.1 \cdot (10)^{7-1} \\a_{7}=0.1 \cdot (10)^6 \\a_{7} = 0.1 \cdot 1000000 \\a_{7}=100,000$
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