The Grapes of Wrath



  1. ^ "Grapes of Wrath, a classic for today?". BBC News. April 14, 2009. Retrieved August 26, cite.citation{font-style:inherit}.mw-parser-output q{quotes:"\"""\"""'""'"}.mw-parser-output code.cs1-code{color:inherit;background:inherit;border:inherit;padding:inherit}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-free a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-limited a,.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-registration a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-lock-subscription a{background:url("//")no-repeat;background-position:right .1em center}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration{color:#555}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription span,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration span{border-bottom:1px dotted;cursor:help}.mw-parser-output .cs1-hidden-error{display:none;font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-visible-error{font-size:100%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-subscription,.mw-parser-output .cs1-registration,.mw-parser-output .cs1-format{font-size:95%}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-left,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-left{padding-left:0.2em}.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-right,.mw-parser-output .cs1-kern-wl-right{padding-right:0.2em}
  2. ^ The official publication date of April 14, 1939, was exactly four years to the day of the Black Sunday Storm, among the worst Dust Bowl dust storms which, in real life, caused Oklahomans to migrate to California in search of work.
  3. ^ a b c "1939 Book Awards Given by Critics: Elgin Groseclose's 'Ararat' is Picked as Work Which Failed to Get Due Recognition", The New York Times, February 14, 1940, page 25. ProQuest Historical Newspapers The New York Times (1851–2007).
  4. ^ a b "Novel" The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved 8 September 2016.
  5. ^ a b Osterling, Anders. "Nobel Prize in Literature 1962 – Presentation Speech". Retrieved February 18, 2007.
  6. ^ "AP: English Literature". CollegeBoard. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  7. ^ "The Big Read | The Grapes of Wrath". National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved May 9, 2012.
  8. ^ Eckert, Ken (2009-11-01). "[Exodus Inverted: A New Look at The Grapes of Wrath, Color Plates]". Religion and the Arts. 13 (4): 340–357. Bibcode:2007ReArt..11..299O. doi:10.1163/156852909X460447. ISSN 1568-5292.
  9. ^ Eckert, Ken (2009-11-01). "[Exodus Inverted: A New Look at The Grapes of Wrath, Color Plates]". Religion and the Arts. 13 (4): 340–357. Bibcode:2007ReArt..11..299O. doi:10.1163/156852909X460447. ISSN 1568-5292.
  10. ^ Sanora Babb (Ken Burns)
  11. ^ Published by the Simon S. Lubin Society of California as a pamphlet entitled "Their Blood is Strong." Republished 1988 by Heyday as "The Harvest Gypsies: On the Road to the Grapes of Wrath." Source: Cordyack.
  12. ^ a b c Cordyack, Brian. "20th-Century American Bestsellers: John Steinbeck, The Grapes of Wrath". Graduate School of Library and Information Science, University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. Retrieved February 18, 2007.
  13. ^ DeMott, Robert (1992). Robert DeMott's Introduction to The Grapes of Wrath. Viking Penguin, a Division of Penguin Books. p. xviii. ISBN 978-0-14-018640-6.
  14. ^
  15. ^ Dana, Gioia. "The Grapes of Wrath Radio Show – Transcript". The Big Read. The National Endowment for the Arts. Retrieved 2010-09-22. Writer Richard Rodriguez discussed The Grapes of Wrath as The Great American Novel: "There hasn't been anything like this novel since it was written. And this is the great American novel that everyone keeps waiting for but it has been written now."
  16. ^ Lisca, Peter (1958). "The Wide World of John Steinbeck". Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.
  17. ^ Crockett, H. Kelly (1962). "The Bible and the Grapes of Wrath". College English. 24 (3): 193. doi:10.2307/373284. JSTOR 373284.
  18. ^ Shillinglaw, Susan; Benson, Jackson J (February 2, 2002). "Of Men and Their Making: The Non-Fiction Of John Steinbeck". London: Penguin. Retrieved December 17, 2008.
  19. ^ "All Time 100 Novels". Time. October 16, 2005. Retrieved May 25, 2010.
  20. ^ "100 novels everyone should read". The Daily Telegraph. January 16, 2009. Retrieved June 5, 2012.
  21. ^ "The Big Read", BBC, April 2003. Retrieved January 12, 2014
  22. ^ Nixon, Rob. "The Grapes of Wrath". This Month Spotlight. Turner Classic Movies. Retrieved 2010-09-22.
  23. ^ "Steven Spielberg eyes Grapes of Wrath". 4 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  24. ^ "Steven Spielberg in talks to remake 'The Grapes Of Wrath'". 4 July 2013. Retrieved 9 July 2013.
  25. ^ Sleeve notes from No. 2 Patrick Street, Green Linnet SIF 1088, 1988.
  26. ^ Symynkywicz, Jeffery B. (2008). The Gospel According to Bruce Springsteen: Rock and Redemption, from Asbury Park to Magic. Westminster John Knox Press. ISBN 0-664-23169-1. p. 122.
  27. ^ "Dick Gaughan Discography Outlaws & Dreamers (2001)", Retrieved 8th October 2015
  28. ^ Michael Anthony, "'Grapes' is a sweet, juicy production", Minneapolis Star Tribune, 2/12/2007
  29. ^ Books | The Answer | The Bad Religion Page – Since 1995
  30. ^ "American Playhouse" The Grapes of Wrath (TV Episode 1991), retrieved 2017-09-30
  31. ^ Lawrence Bommer, "Sending Up Steinbeck," Chicago Reader, 11/8/1990


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  • Garcia, Reloy. "The Rocky Road to Eldorado: The Journey Motif in John Steinbeck's The Grapes of Wrath." Steinbeck Quarterly 14.03-04 (Summer/Fall 1981): 83-93
  • Gregory, James N. "Dust Bowl Legacies: the Okie Impact on California, 1939–1989". California History 1989 68(3): 74–85. ISSN 0162-2897
  • Henkel, Scott. "A Seditious Proposal." The Grapes of Wrath: A Reconsideration' Vol. 1. Ed. Michael J. Meyer. Amsterdam: Rodopi, 2009. 219-42.
  • Saxton, Alexander. "In Dubious Battle: Looking Backward". Pacific Historical Review 2004 73(2): 249–262. ISSN 0030-8684 Fulltext: online at Swetswise, Ingenta, Ebsco
  • Sobchack, Vivian C. "The Grapes of Wrath (1940): Thematic Emphasis Through Visual Style". American Quarterly 1979 31(5): 596–615. ISSN 0003-0678 Fulltext: in Jstor. Discusses the visual style of John Ford's cinematic adaptation of the novel. Usually the movie is examined in terms of its literary roots or its social protest. But the imagery of the film reveals the important theme of the Joad family's coherence. The movie shows the family in closeups, cramped in small spaces on a cluttered screen, isolated from the land and their surroundings. Dim lighting helps abstract the Joad family from the reality of Dust Bowl migrants. The film's emotional and aesthetic power comes from its generalized quality attained through this visual style.
  • Windschuttle, Keith. "Steinbeck's Myth of the Okies". The New Criterion, Vol. 20, No. 10, June 2002.
  • Zirakzadeh, Cyrus Ernesto. "John Steinbeck on the Political Capacities of Everyday Folk: Moms, Reds, and Ma Joad's Revolt". Polity 2004 36(4): 595–618. ISSN 0032-3497

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