Chemistry: The Molecular Science (5th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1285199049
ISBN 13: 978-1-28519-904-7

Chapter 15 - Additional Aqueous Equilibria - Questions for Review and Thought - Topical Questions - Page 693c: 65a


The addition of copper(II) nitrate would move the equilibrium to the right, favoring the $[Cu(NH_3)_4]^{2+}$ production.

Work Step by Step

This is the equilibrium reaction: $Cu^{2+}(aq) + 4NH_3(aq) \lt -- \gt [Cu(NH_3)_4]^{2+}(aq)$ When we add $Cu(NO_3)_2$, it has $Cu^{2+}$, so, the common ion effect will act, and the reaction will be more product-favored. That follows the Le Chatelier's principle. Since we are raising the concentration of one of the reactants, the equilibrium will try to reduce this concentration, to reduce the change. Therefore, the equilibrium will move to the right.
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