Chemistry: Molecular Approach (4th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0134112830
ISBN 13: 978-0-13411-283-1

Chapter 16 - Exercises - Page 771: 41


a. $HNO_3$ is a strong acid. b. $HCl$ is a strong acid. c. $HBr$ is a strong acid. d. $H_2S{O_3}$ is a weak acid. $$K_a = \frac{[HS{O_3}^-][H_3O^+]}{[H_2SO_3]}$$

Work Step by Step

If the acid is on the "Strong Acids" table (Table 16.3, page 729), it is a strong acid; if the acid does not appear on this list, it is probably a weak acid. d. 1. Write the balanced equation for the ionization of this acid: $$H_2SO_3(aq) + H_2O(l) \leftrightharpoons HS{O_3}^-(aq) + H_3O^+(aq)$$ 2. The exponent of each concentration is equal to its balance coefficient. $$K_a = \frac{[Products]}{[Reactants]} = \frac{[ H{SO_3}^- ][ H_3O^+ ]}{[ H_2SO_3 ]}$$
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