Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Chapter 2 Atoms, Molecules, and Ions - Study Questions: 114

Answer

B

Work Step by Step

Molar masses (g/mol): $BeCl_2: 79.92,\ MgCl_2: 95.21,\ CaS: 72.14$, $SrCO_3: 147.63,\ BaSO_4: 233.39$ $BeCl_2$ is not ionic, so it doesn't have any ions. $MgCl_2$ releases 3 ions when dissociating $1 Mg^{2+},\ 2Cl^-$, as opposed to the other ionic compounds which release 2. $MgCl_3$: $1.0\ g\div95.21\ g/mol\times3=0.032\ \mbox{moles of ions}$ For the others, since the mass and the number of ions released per compound are the same the one with the largest number of ions is the one with the smallest molar mass: CaS. CaS: $1.0\ g\div72.14\ g/mol\times2=0.028\ \mbox{moles of ions}$ Therefore, the answer is B.
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