Chemistry and Chemical Reactivity (9th Edition)

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1133949649
ISBN 13: 978-1-13394-964-0

Chapter 12 The Solid State - Study Questions - Page 467d: 47


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Work Step by Step

a) fcc, atoms are present in the all faces b) tetrahedral holes, all of the atoms in "holes" are surrounded by four atoms each. c) $8\times1/8=1$ in the vertexes, $6\times1/2=3$ in the center, 4 wholly within, 8 in total. d) Mass: $8\times 28.085\ g/mol\div 6.022\times 10^{23}\ atoms/mol=3.731\times10^{-22}\ g/cell$ Volume: $(543.1\times 10^{-10}\ cm)^3=1.602\times10^{-22}\ cm^3/cell$ Density: $3.731\times10^{-22}\ g/cell\div 1.602\times10^{-22}\ cm^3/cell=2.329\ g/cm^3$ e) Projecting the point of a Si in a tetrahedral hole into the line connecting two Si, one in the corner and one in the face, we get a right triangle whose Face-Hole-Corner angle is half of the internal angle of a tetrahedron and the opposite side is half of the face diagonal: $sin(109.5^{\circ}/2)=l/2.\sqrt2/2.r$ $r=235.13\ pm$
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