Precalculus (6th Edition) Blitzer

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0-13446-914-3
ISBN 13: 978-0-13446-914-0

Chapter 2 - Section 2.5 - Zeros of Polynomial Functions - Exercise Set - Page 377: 23

Answer

a. $\frac{p}{q}=\pm1,\pm2,\pm4$ b. $x=\pm2$; see figure c. $x=\pm2,1\pm\sqrt 2$
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Work Step by Step

a. Given the function $f(x)=x^4-2x^3-5x^2+8x+4$, we have $p=\pm1,\pm2,\pm4$ and $q=\pm1$; thus the possible rational zeros are $\frac{p}{q}=\pm1,\pm2,\pm4$ b. Starting from the easiest number, test the possible rational zeros using synthetic divisions; we can find $x=\pm2$ as a zeros, as shown in the figure (we need to find two zeros to reduce the function to a quadratic form). c. Based on the results from part-b, we have $f(x)=(x+2)(x-2)(x^2-2x-1)$ Thus the zeros are $x=\pm2,1\pm\sqrt 2$
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