## Precalculus (6th Edition) Blitzer

Published by Pearson

# Chapter 10 - Cumulative Review Exercises - Page 1128: 37

#### Answer

The linear function in slope-intercept form is $y=-5x-2$.

#### Work Step by Step

Let us consider the coordinates $\left( 0,-2 \right)$ as $\left( {{x}_{1}},{{y}_{1}} \right)$. We have to find the value of the slope of the equation $x-5y-20=0$: \begin{align} & x-5y-20=0 \\ & x-20=5y \\ & y=\frac{x}{5}-\frac{20}{5} \end{align} And compare this equation with the form $y=mx+c$ to get $m=\frac{1}{5}$. Here, ${{m}_{1}}$ is the slope of the required line that is perpendicular to $x-5y-20=0$. And for the perpendicular lines, the condition of the slope is $m\cdot {{m}_{1}}=-1$. So, \begin{align} & {{m}_{1}}=\frac{-1}{m} \\ & =\frac{-1}{\frac{1}{5}} \\ & =-5 \end{align} Then, for the equation of the function to be determined: \begin{align} & \frac{y-{{y}_{1}}}{x-{{x}_{1}}}={{m}_{1}} \\ & \frac{y-\left( -2 \right)}{x-0}=-5 \\ & \frac{y+2}{x}=-5 \end{align} And simplify it further, to get \begin{align} & y+2=-5x \\ & y=-5x-2 \\ \end{align} Thus, the slope-intercept form is $y=-5x-2$.

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