#### Answer

(a) The amount saved after 5 years is $\$14,163$
(b) The interest is $\$1663$

#### Work Step by Step

(a) This is the formula we use to calculate the value of an annuity:
$A = \frac{P~[(1+\frac{r}{n})^{nt}-1]}{\frac{r}{n}}$
$A$ is the future value of the annuity
$P$ is the amount of the periodic deposit
$r$ is the interest rate
$n$ is the number of times per year the interest is compounded
$t$ is the number of years
$A = \frac{P~[(1+\frac{r}{n})^{nt}~-1]}{\frac{r}{n}}$
$A = \frac{(\$2500)~[(1+\frac{0.0625}{1})^{(1)(5)}~-1]}{\frac{0.0625}{1}}$
$A = \$14,163$
The amount saved after 5 years is $\$14,163$
(b) The total amount of money deposited into the annuity is $\$2500 \times 5$, which is $\$12,500$
The interest is the difference between the value of the annuity and the total amount deposited. We can calculate the interest.
$interest = \$14,163 - \$12,500 = \$1663$
The interest is $\$1663$