## Thomas' Calculus 13th Edition

a) $\dfrac{d(cu)}{dt}=c\dfrac{d(u)}{dt}$ b) $\dfrac{d(F(t)u)}{dt}=F(t)u'+F'(t)u$
a. Let us consider, $u=\lt f(t), g(t), h(t) \gt$ Need to use product rule such as: $\dfrac{d(cu)}{dt}=\dfrac{d(c)}{dt}\lt f(t), g(t), h(t) \gt=c\dfrac{d}{dt}[\lt f(t), g(t), h(t) \gt]$ Therefore, $\dfrac{d(cu)}{dt}=c\dfrac{d(u)}{dt}$ b. Let us consider, $u=\lt f(t), g(t), h(t) \gt$ Need to use product rule such as:$\dfrac{d(F(t)u)}{dt}=\dfrac{d}{dt} [f(t)\lt f(t), g(t), h(t) \gt ]=F(t)\lt f'(t), g'(t), h'(t) \gt+F'(t)\lt f(t), g(t), h(t) \gt$ Therefore, $\dfrac{d[F(t)(u)]}{dt}=F(t)u'+F'(t)u$