Elementary Algebra

$(x^2+9)(x+3)(x-3)$
Using $a^2-b^2=(a+b)(a-b)$, the factored form of the given expression, $x^4-81 ,$ is \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (x^2+9)(x^2-9) .\end{array} Since the second factor is still a difference of $2$ squares, using the same factoring technique, the completely factored form of the expression above is \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} (x^2+9)(x+3)(x-3) .\end{array}