Elementary Algebra

Published by Cengage Learning
ISBN 10: 1285194055
ISBN 13: 978-1-28519-405-9

Chapter 3 - Equations and Problem Solving - 3.2 - Equations and Problem Solving - Problem Set 3.2 - Page 106: 51


The number is $9$

Work Step by Step

$\text{Let}$ $x$ $\text{represent the certain number.}$ Since $12$ is added to this number, we write $12+x$. Since that sum "is" $21$, we write that it is equal to $21$. When we combine these two statements, we get the equation $12+x=21$. To solve this equation for $x$, we must subtract $12$ from both sides: $$12-12+x=21-12$$$$x=9$$
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