# Chapter 1 - Some Basic Concepts of Arithmetic and Algebra - 1.3 - Integers: Addition and Subtraction - Problem Set 1.3 - Page 20: 78

$19$

#### Work Step by Step

The top number is $\text{ positive }$ and the bottom number is $\text{ negative .}$ Since the signs of the numbers are different, subtract the numbers and copy the sign of the bigger number. Hence, \begin{array}{r}\require{cancel} 47 \\\underline{\phantom{} -28 }\\ 19 \end{array}

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