College Algebra (11th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321671791
ISBN 13: 978-0-32167-179-0

Chapter R - Section R.6 - Rational Exponents - R.6 Exercises - Page 57: 59



Work Step by Step

$\bf{\text{Solution Outline:}}$ Use the laws of exponents and the definition of rational exponents to simplify the given expression, $ \dfrac{64^{5/3}}{64^{4/3}} .$ $\bf{\text{Solution Details:}}$ Using the Quotient Rule of the laws of exponents which states that $\dfrac{x^m}{x^n}=x^{m-n},$ the expression above simplifies to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} 64^{\frac{5}{3}-\frac{4}{3}} \\\\= 64^{\frac{1}{3}} .\end{array} Using the definition of rational exponents which is given by $a^{\frac{m}{n}}=\sqrt[n]{a^m}=\left(\sqrt[n]{a}\right)^m,$ the expression above is equivalent to \begin{array}{l}\require{cancel} \sqrt[3]{64^1} \\\\= \sqrt[3]{64} \\\\= \sqrt[3]{4^3} \\\\= 4 .\end{array}
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