Island of the Blue Dolphins is a 1960 children's novel written by Scott O'Dell and tells the story of a 12-year-old girl stranded alone for years on an island off the California coast. It is based on the true story of a Nicoleño Native American left alone for 18 years on San Nicolas Island during the 19th century.
Island of the Blue Dolphins won the Newbery Medal in 1961. It was adapted into a film of the same name in 1964. O'Dell later wrote a sequel, Zia, published in 1976.
The 50th Anniversary edition of Island of the Blue Dolphins includes a new introduction by Newbery Medalist Lois Lowry and also includes extracts from Father Gonzales Rubio in the Santa Barbara Mission's Book of Burials. Island of the Blue Dolphins: The Complete Reader's Edition, a critical edition edited by Sara L. Schwebel, was published in October 2016 by the University of California Press. It includes two chapters deleted from the book before publication.