Bhagavad-Gita

Notes

  1. ^ Oppenheimer spoke these words in the television documentary The Decision to Drop the Bomb (1965).[169] Oppenheimer read the original text in Sanskrit, "kālo'smi lokakṣayakṛtpravṛddho lokānsamāhartumiha pravṛttaḥ" (XI,32),[170] which he translated as "I am become Death, the destroyer of worlds". In the literature, the quote usually appears in the form shatterer of worlds, because this was the form in which it first appeared in print, in Time magazine on November 8, 1948.[171] It later appeared in Robert Jungk's Brighter than a Thousand Suns: A Personal History of the Atomic Scientists (1958),[167] which was based on an interview with Oppenheimer. See Hijiya, The Gita of Robert Oppenheimer[172]
  1. ^ The Bhagavad Gita also integrates theism and transcendentalism[web 1] or spiritualmonism,[9] and identifies a God of personal characteristics with the Brahman of the Vedic tradition.[web 1]
  2. ^ Śruti texts, such as the Upanishads, are believed to be revelations of divine origin, whereas Smritis are authored recollections of tradition and are therefore fallible.
  3. ^ Sri Sri Ravi Shankar: "Swadharma is that action which is in accordance with your nature. It is acting in accordance with your skills and talents, your own nature (svabhava), and that which you are responsible for (karma)."[web 23]
  4. ^ Malinar: "[W]hat law must a warrior follow, on what authority, and how does the definition of kṣatriyadharma affect the position of the king, who is supposed to protect and represent it?"[49]
  5. ^ Compare Chivalric code of western knights, and Zen at War for a Japanese fusion of Buddhism with warfare-ethics.
  6. ^ "Character", "inherent nature", "natural state or constitution."[web 24]
  7. ^ Nikhilananda & Hocking 2006, p. 2 "Arjuna represents the individual soul, and Sri Krishna the Supreme Soul dwelling in every heart. Arjuna's chariot is the body. The blind king Dhritarashtra is the mind under the spell of ignorance, and his hundred sons are man's numerous evil tendencies. The battle, a perennial one, is between the power of good and the power of evil. The warrior who listens to the advice of the Lord speaking from within will triumph in this battle and attain the Highest Good."
  8. ^ Other parallelism include verse 10.21 of Gita replicating the structure of verse 1.2.5 of the Shatapatha Brahmana.[95]
  9. ^ For B. G. Tilak and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi as notable commentators see: Gambhirananda 1997, p. xix
  10. ^ For notability of the commentaries by B. G. Tilak and Gandhi and their use to inspire the independence movement see: Sargeant 2009, p. xix
  11. ^ In 2014 Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi presented the book Bhagavad Gita According to Gandhi to the president of the United States, Mr Barack Obama. A uniquely guilded edition of Bhagavad Gita as translated by Mahatma Gandhi was presented as a commemoration of India's Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi's gift to the then President of the United States of America, Mr Barack Obama in 2014 during his US visit called: Bhagavad Gita according to Gandhi. The author is listed as Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi; Mahadev Desai, translator. (Quignog, New Delhi, 2017) ISBN 9788193369647.
  12. ^ According to Adluri and Bagchee, this anti-Brahmanism had its counterpart in European anti-Semitism, which saw the Jews as anti-thetical to Christianity, which was regarded as "the logical, historical culmination of the Jewish faith,"[151] and a manifestation of the development of Spirit into its own self-consciousness.[152]

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