Because of Winn-Dixie Literary Elements

Because of Winn-Dixie Literary Elements


Children's Fiction

Setting and Context

Naomi, Florida, in the 1980s

Narrator and Point of View

Opal Buloni narrating from her own point of view

Tone and Mood

Predominantly happy but sometimes melancholy

Protagonist and Antagonist

Opal is the protagonist, her mother who left her is the antagonist

Major Conflict

Conflict between Opal and her father about whether he tried hard enough to make her mother stay


Opal's father breaks down and cries as he tells Opal that he did try to make her mother stay and that he still loves her but he is grateful that she left him Opal


The first roll of thunder at the start of the party foreshadows both the storm and Winn-Dixie's reaction to it


One of the party guests observes that Winn-Dixie dislikes storms which is a huge understatement as he is pathologically afraid of them


Opal alludes to the Margaret Mitchell novel "Gone With The Wind" when she is inspired to plan her party


"By then I was deep in the jungle. There was every kind of thing growing everywhere. There were flowers and vegetables and trees and vines."
Opal describes Gloria Dump's yard giving it the air of magic and witchiness that the Dewberry boys were always attributing to Gloria herself. Every reference to Gloria's house mentions the wild and overgrown nature of her yard.


Opal saves Winn-Dixie from going to the pound but it is actually Winn-Dixie who rescues Opal and brings her and her father closer together


There is a parallel between the sadness Amanda feels over the death of her you her brother and the sadness Opal feels over the absence of her mother

Metonymy and Synecdoche

The whole church was laughing and clapping actually means that the people inside the church were laughing and clapping, "the church" used to represent all of them


Opal likes to think of the wine and liquor bottles chattering about the bad things that Gloria has done giving the bottles the powers of speech and thought

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