It is clear that some elements that appear in Game of Thrones are taken from real historical events or that some characters and places are inspired by real ones.
The plot is said to be based on the real events that took place in England in the period 1455 and 1487, military conflicts that are knows as The Wars of the Roses. The wars were between two Houses that claimed the Throne of England, namely House York and House Lancaster. The war was the result of financial problems that were caused by the Hundred Year’s War and the mental instability of the present king, Henry V.
The resemblance between House York and House Stark, and House Lannister and House Lancaster is given by the conflicts between them. Cersei Lannister is compared to Margeret de Anjou, Henry the V’s wife, because of her ambition and ability to manipulate the king. Another character that bears a close resemblance to a real life historic person is Eddard Stark. Just as Eddard served King Robert, the Duke of York held several important positions in the England ruled by the Lancaster family. The Duke of York was killed by Lancaster loyalists just as Eddard was. Another similarity between the two characters is their heirs that ended up taking their fathers claim to the Throne and fight against the family ruling over the country.
Another parallel can be drawn between the places described in the book and real Countries and areas of the world. The North could be a version of the Slavic Eastern Europe and with it’s cold climate, vast and sparse population.
Another parallel can be drawn between the places described in the book and real Countries and areas of the world. The North could be a version of the Slavic Eastern Europe and with its cold climate, vast and sparse population.
Similarities between the people inhabiting Westeros and Essos and real communities can also be found. For example, The Dothraki could be an allusion to the Mongols and Huns because of the similar life styles and customs.