Idiomatic phrase; "troth" is an archaic (old) version of “truth.” Contemporary phrases that capture roughly the same meaning, in this context, are: “by God” or “I swear” or simply the adverb “truly.”
Literally, and most pertinently here, the process of gradually reducing a child’s dependence on breastfeeding once it’s old enough for other kinds of food.
Juvenile, simple forms of enjoyment; as in the kind of idyllic, innocent pleasures that would often be the subject of later Romantic poetry.
a cave or other similar, usually naturally occurring, formations
archaic contraction of “it was”
archaic, synonymous with the modern “good morning”
archaic present-tense form of “has”
poetic descriptive term meaning explorers, i.e., those who explore the world by the sea
poetic phrase evoking the west as the direction of the setting sun
to go slack, as opposed to “taut”; to lose tension, strength, or form