"What about Eastland? He's from the South. Why not make him the president?" (Verbal Irony)
People say that because President Johnson is from the South, he is better equipped to deal with southern segregationists. When Malcolm X says, "What about Eastland? He's from the South. Why not make him the president," he is pointing out a flaw in this argument by using verbal irony. He does not actually want Eastland to be president, he is illustrating an issue with the reasoning that claims being from the South is a positive attribute because it allows someone to make deals with segregationists. But, Malcolm X points out, that's no help because that just means the person may be likely to hold racist views—for example, Missouri Senator James Eastland, who was famously opposed to civil rights.
Northerners are foxes, southerners are wolves, and yet African Americans are the ones in the doghouse (Situational Irony)
In an example of situational irony, Malcolm X characterizes northerners as wolves, southerners as foxes, and African Americans as in the doghouse. This is ironic because it is the politicians who are actually the dogs, but African Americans who are being treated as such.
The Ballot or the Bullet Questions and Answers
The Question and Answer section for The Ballot or the Bullet is a great
resource to ask questions, find answers, and discuss the novel.
The Ballot or the Bullet was intended to distance Malcolm X from the Nation of Islam, and one of his main goals was to connect with moderate civil rights leaders. Malcolm, however, noted his continued support of Black nationalism and self-defense,...
According to Malcolm X, the proper solution was to elevate the struggle of African Americans from one of civil rights to one of human rights. He believed this solution could be found in black economic and social separatism.