## University Physics with Modern Physics (14th Edition)

(a) $\omega = 1.71~rad/s$ (b) During the collision, the pivot exerts an external force, which causes the linear momentum to change. However, the force from the pivot exerts zero torque. Therefore, angular momentum is conserved.
(a) We can use conservation of angular momentum to solve this question. Let $v_1$ be the initial speed of the raven and let $v_2$ be the speed of the raven after it rebounds. $L_2=L_1$ $I\omega-mv_2r = mv_1r$ $\frac{1}{3}ML^2\omega = mr(v_1+v_2)$ $\omega = \frac{3mr(v_1+v_2)}{ML^2}$ $\omega = \frac{(3)(1.1~kg)(0.75~m)(5.0~m/s+2.0~m/s)}{(4.5~kg)(1.5~m)^2}$ $\omega = 1.71~rad/s$ (b) During the collision, the pivot exerts an external force, which causes the linear momentum to change. However, the force from the pivot exerts zero torque. Therefore, angular momentum is conserved.