## Introductory Chemistry (5th Edition)

When an acid reacts with a base, it results in the formation of salt and water. Since the acid and base gets neutralized in the process, this reaction is called an acid-base neutralization reaction. Example- When Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) reacts with Sodium hydroxide (NaOH), it results in the formation of Sodium chloride (NaCl, which is a salt) and Water ($H_{2}O$). The reaction could be stated as, $HCl (acid) +NaOH(base)=NaCl(salt)+H_{2}O(water)$