General, Organic, and Biological Chemistry: Structures of Life (5th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 0321967461
ISBN 13: 978-0-32196-746-6

Chapter 5 - Nuclear Chemistry - 5.2 Nuclear Reactions - Questions and Problems: 5.18

Answer

a) $^8_5$B --> $^8_4$Be + $^0_{+1}$e b) $^{15}_8$O --> $^{15}_7$N + $^0_{+1}$e c) $^{40}_{19}$K --> $^{40}_{18}$Ar + $^0_{+1}$e d) $^{13}_7$N --> $^{13}_6$C + $^0_{+1}$e

Work Step by Step

A positron emission occurs when a radioisotope breaks down into a new element/isotope plus a positron ($^0_{+1}$e). To balance this equation, the new element/isotope must have an atomic number of one less than the original isotope. The mass number stays the same.
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