(e) All of these
Work Step by Step
Iodine, Chlorine, Iodophores and Bromine are antimicrobial halogens. Antimicrobial halogens oxidize cell components in the absence of organic matter. Chlorine is used to kill pathogens in water while iodine is used as skin antiseptics. Bromine is usually used in its gaseous state and used to fumigate soils.