Human Biology, 14 Edition

Published by McGraw-Hill Education
ISBN 10: 1-25924-574-8
ISBN 13: 978-1-25924-574-9

Chapter 2 - Section 2.7 - Nucleic Acids - Check Your Progress: 3

Answer

Nucleotides in DNA contain deoxyribose, whereas RNA contains ribose. This is what gives DNA and RNA different names. RNA contains a uracil (U) base in place of thymine (T) in DNA. RNA, being single stranded, is directly involved in protein synthesis. Because DNA is double stranded, it is responsible for determining the sequence of amino acids in a protein by bonding the bases of its two strands.

Work Step by Step

Nucleotides in DNA contain deoxyribose, whereas RNA contains ribose. This is what gives DNA and RNA different names. RNA contains a uracil (U) base in place of thymine (T) in DNA. RNA, being single stranded, is directly involved in protein synthesis. Because DNA is double stranded, it is responsible for determining the sequence of amino acids in a protein by bonding the bases of its two strands.
Update this answer!

You can help us out by revising, improving and updating this answer.

Update this answer

After you claim an answer you’ll have 24 hours to send in a draft. An editor will review the submission and either publish your submission or provide feedback.