Precalculus (6th Edition)

Published by Pearson
ISBN 10: 013421742X
ISBN 13: 978-0-13421-742-0

Chapter 1 - Equations and Inequalities - 1.6 Other Types of Equations and Applications - 1.6 Exercises - Page 147: 46



Work Step by Step

Add $\sqrt{3x+18}$ to both sides to obtain: $x=\sqrt{3x+18}$ Square both sides to obtain: $x^2=3x+18$ Move all terms to the left side of the equation. Note that when a term is transferred to the other side of the equation, its sign changes to its opposite. $x^2-3x-18=0$ Factor the trinomial to obtain: $(x-6)(x+3)=0$ Use the zero-factor property by equating each factor to zero. $x-6=0$ or $x+3=0$ Solve each equation to obtain: $x=6$ or $x=-3$. $-3$ cannot be a solution to the equation as $\sqrt{3x+18}$ is never negative. Thus, the solution to the given equation is: $\color{blue}{x=6}$.
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