## University Calculus: Early Transcendentals (3rd Edition)

The graph of $y=x^{4/5}$ does not have any vertical tangents anywhere.
$$y=x^{4/5}$$ a) The graph is enclosed below. It does not seem to have any vertical tangents, even at the origin, because as we see from the introduction that the graph of $y=x^{2/3}$ does not have a vertical tangent at the origin. b) The graph of $f(x)$ has a vertical tangent at $x$ when 1) $f$ is continuous at $x$ 2) $$f′(x)=\lim_{h\to0}\frac{f(x+h)−f(x)}{h}=\pm\infty$$ Here, we can see that: $$f′(0)=\lim_{h\to0}\frac{f(h)−f(0)}{h}=\lim_{h\to0}\frac{h^{4/5}-0^{4/5}}{h}=\lim_{h\to0}\frac{h^{4/5}}{h}$$ $$f'(0)=\lim_{h\to0}h^{-1/5}=\lim_{h\to0}\frac{1}{h^{1/5}}$$ As $h\to0^+$, $h^{1/5}\to0^+$, so $\lim_{h\to0^+}(1/h^{1/5})=\infty$ As $h\to0^-$, $h^{1/5}\to0^-$, so $\lim_{h\to0^-}(1/h^{1/5})=-\infty$ This means $\lim_{h\to0}(1/h^{1/5})$ does not exist. Therefore, as predicted, $f$ does not have a vertical tangent at the origin.