## Calculus 8th Edition

a) 3 because 3 is $f(x)$ shifted 4 units to the right. b) 1 because 1 is $f(x)$ shifted 3 units upwards c) 4 because 4 is $f(x)$ vertically shrunk by $\frac{1}{3}$ d) 5 because 5 is $f(x)$ shifted to the left by 4 units and then reflected over the x-axis. e) 2 because 2 is $f(x)$ shifted 6 units to the left and then vertically stretched by 2.